We assist clients many times each year with the import or export of frozen semen and embryos
from a variety of species, and are experienced with the details involved
in Agricultural Inspection, Custom's Clearance, obtaining permits,
International Health Certification, arranging air transport or freight
forwarding, and inspection/inventory of imported genetics upon arrival.
Our facility is inspected twice annually by the USDA, and is
approved to export to EEC, Australia, and the very rigorous New Zealand
standards. We have also exported to many other countries, all
dependent upon current regulations at the time. As required under these regulations, we have a
completely separate storage room for semen produced which meets these
standards. Examples of imports include frozen horse semen from
Europe and chilled dog semen from Australia; examples of exports include
frozen horse semen to Sir Lanka, Czechoslovakia, and Brazil; frozen bull
semen to Nicaragua; frozen dog semen to the Marianas Islands; frozen
cattle embryos to Thailand; and chilled horse semen three days per week
to Australia and New Zealand.
A few general rules of thumb:
- Depending upon the country of origin, it is often less expensive
to send over an empty tank of U.S. origin to retrieve the semen
(accompanied by copies of the purchase invoice to avoid being
assessed Duty upon the tank's return).
- Make CERTAIN in advance that ALL required tests have been
performed by obtaining copies of the laboratory reports, and that
the shipper is ready to go, before securing the Import Permit, which
normally goes overseas with the tank, and is only good for fourteen
- Certain Ports of Entry, such as New York's JFK airport, are much
better set-up to expedite Agricultural Imports. Determination of the
Carrier involved is often governed by their routing and reputation
for good handling of cryogenic shipments. The type of
cryogenic tank will dictate whether or not actual liquid nitrogen is
required (HazMat labelling), or whether less rigorous "dry shipper"
packaging will suffice.
- Once landed in the U.S., delivery is best effected by a courier
service such as FedEx or UPS, and the broker that assisted with
clearance can expedite such transfer.
- ALWAYS require the latest detailed requirements for importation
DIRECTLY from the destination country's Agricultural Authorities.
While the USDA endeavors to keep an inventory of the various
regulations on computer, it often takes many months from the moment
regulations are changed in a foreign country until they are
officially transmitted to the USDA and updated here.
- Depending upon the country of destination, it is often most
economical overall to purchase a brand new tank for the client here,
and use it to send the semen or embryos "one-way", eliminating the
expense and hassle of returning a rented tank.
Our convenient location not far from the main USDA office in
Sacramento has been very helpful in expediting many an International
Health Certificate and export, particularly of fresh-chilled semen,
where collection, USDA-certification, and export must all occur on the
Among our experience and "firsts":
- First-ever United States export of frozen equine semen to
eastern Europe (Czechoslovakia, 1993).
- First-ever United States export of frozen equine semen to Sri
- First-ever United States export of frozen equine semen to the
- First-ever United States export of frozen jack semen to Great
Britain (1997) with three mules out of draft mares on the ground as
- First-ever United States export of frozen jack semen to New
- First-ever United States export of frozen Senepol cattle embryos
to Thailand (2004).
- First-ever United States export of chilled stallion semen on a
Monday/Wednesday/Friday basis for a full breeding season to both
Australia and New Zealand (2003).
- Importation of approximately 900 frozen Cashmere goat embryos
from Tasmania (1990).
- Importation of Polwarth and Corriedale ram semen from Australia
- Importation of Catalonian Jack semen from Spain (1994).
- Importation of semen from over two dozen Dutch Warmblood
stallions from Holland for North American distribution (1996 to
- Importation of chilled dog semen from Australia using our
special extender (2000).
- Exportation of frozen equine semen to Australia, New Zealand, and
Holland (1998 to present).
- Exportation of frozen bull semen to Nicaragua (1998)
- Exportation of frozen stallion semen to Brazil (2000).